In the end， speaking is the most interesting part of language。 It‘s worthy for one to mind on one’s speaking in a whole life。
It cannot be denied that reading plays a key role in people’s growth and development in any era。 The 21th century is a time of knowledge explosion and reading ability becomes increasingly important。
Ⅲ. Ways to Improve the Listening Ability of English Beginners
Linguistic output hinges on imput， while eading and listening are the two parts of linguistic imput。 When we listen， the information we could receive is limited because of our brains could only accept one syllable at one time。 But we could receive a great deal of information when we read。 People have developed many reading skills of enhance their imput ability， such as skim， scan， intensive reading， etc。 As long as we consciously train ourselves these reading skills， we may accumulate a huge knowledge reserve， then we could express our ideas well--to ensure our linguistic output。
Part I Writing （30 minutes）
3.7.2 Guessing the Listening Content
There is no denying the importance of reading。 Without it， it is difficult to live a happy life no matter how much money or success one has。 In order to develop our reading competence， it is imperative to take the following steps。
“You are what you say。” The old saying informs us that people tend to judge other people by what they are saying--their knowledge， their personality， and even their capability。
If the speakers in the record read the listening material in a very fast speed, then many candidates are not easy to remember all information and feel difficult to take down what they have heard in the record, especially when many answers to the questions are involved in a very short period of time.
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3.1 Having a Positive Face Strategy to Cultivate English Beginners’ Serious and Responsible Attitude towards Listening.
How to develop reading ability？ Based on this concrete and meaningful question， some steps should be taken。 First and foremost， the main growth in your reading skill and ability will come from reading as much as you can do。 Try to make a book list that you take interest in and make a practical plan。 Just as the proverb goes that， “Don’t bite off more than one can chew。” Furthermore， a mastery of some reading skills is not only significant， but also indispensable。 Some books are fit to do extensive reading while some others are suitable to do intensive reading。 Meanwhile， other reading skills like skipping and skimming are also necessary。
According to many scholars, students’ learning motivation affects students deeply. As for the English beginners of China, the following characteristics are common.
With the efforts of all parts concerned， reading ability will be developed thoroughly。 （解决问题功能段）
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Directions： For this part， you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking/writing/reading ability and how to develop it。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。
We have already mentioned the unreasonable teaching arrangement in above text. For the shortcomings, the teachers should scientifically ensure time for listening. Once a survey was done, the researchers found that, before the 21st minutes, the correct rate reached a peak, over 21 minutes, the correct rate will begin to decrease (刘巧媛, 2010). Therefore, the time of listening training should be within 21 minutes, more training time is not efficient, and less of it will not have the training effect. Secondly, we must use effective listening training, such as various training forms, positive air and classroom interaction. Language learning is a process which needs repeated stimulus, practicing to correct, strengthening and consolidating and finally applying (秦本彬,2009). Before listening, the students should skim the material in the exercise book. The specific steps are: from the first to the third time, the students can read out the material while listening (if it will disturb the students around you, keep silent) If the students can’t follow the sentence smoothly, they can pause and listen it again. Thirdly, listen repeatedly till the students can understand the text while abandoning the material .In this way, the students can recognize the words in the material when listening and won’t make mistakes in future. Finally, when selecting the listening materials, different contents should be chosen for students at different stages. The contents should be entrenched and targeted to improve the listening ability. Also, the easy and difficult degree of material should fit with the students. The too easy will result in losing the meaning of training and the too difficult will make the students lose their heart and confidence .Besides, the length of the choosing material should be considered. The too long will scatter the students` attention and the too short waster of time. In addition, the content in the material should be new and satisfy students` interest. In this paper, the author gives some websites for English beginners to practice themselves in free time: 1, 在线英语听力室 2, . Douding Network.
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2.1.3 English Beginners` Limited Knowledge
Confronted with reading ability，we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation。 First and foremost， online reading apps should be developed so that people can get reading materials from anywhere at any time。 Secondly， local governments could provide more fund supporting to reading organizations so more types of books can be developed。
To develop one‘s speaking skills， there are three steps one should pay full attention to。 First， we should maintain a sufficient amount of reading and listening。 Without reading and listening， we have no material to speak。 Second， we should imitate the examples and patterns that we appreciate。 To copy those who speak better than we do is the fastest and easiest way to improve our speaking。 Third， when we have our mode of communication， we should think more before we speak。 That is， we start to aware our speaking style--our words， our tones， our sentences--the message expressed through our mouths。
本次四级考试作文难度适中，看得出来四级考试作文越来越和考研作文话题接轨。例如本次考试的话题reading ability 就和2015年考研写作一的大作文读书话题不谋而合。按照惯例，仍然是“三段论”，最多不要超过四段，除非提纲中有点明“entitled”字眼，否则标题可写可不写，但是写错一定会扣分。写标题时，要遵循写作格式，标题首字母和实词首字母大写，而标题中的虚词字母是小写的。第一段仍然是引出话题，阐明读书能力的重要性；第二段可以着重分析提升读书能力的措施；结尾段可以来个对观点的总结概括。
. 宝建东.The Functions of Listening Strategies in English Listening Comprehension [J]. 石家庄法商职业学院教学与研究.2007(03)
There are a multitude of things we can do to develop our reading competence。 The crucial thing， however， is to discover one that fits you most and consist on it。
To conclude， reading is to humans’ spiritual world what water is to fish。 Only through persistent reading can we enjoy the improvement of reading ability and learning ability。
2.2.2The Unreasonable Lasting Time of Listening Training
Directions： For this part， you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking ability and how to develop it。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。
18.104.22.168 Having Disgusting Mood of Learning
In terms of language learning， reading is fundamental and essential。
The first step is to keep regular hours to read， as is well-known to all of us that a good habit-formation requires at least 21 days。 Following the regular reading routine， therefore， we enable to accelerate reading speed and improve reading ability step by step。 The second step is to read a variety of reading materials， for it can cultivate our comprehensive reading ability。 Nowadays， diverse types of reading are provided to us， such as newspaper， magazine， journal and so on and so forth。 What is also worth mentioning is that the development of the Internet brings convenience and availability for us to read online， which get rid of the limitation of time and space。 Third， I tend to reckon that we are supposed to take notes when we read。 Apparently， when we write something down， it will inevitably reinforce our memory and help us to reflect on our reading process， which in turn will further our reading metacognition and overall ability。
1.1 Being Lack of Interest in Listening
Reading ability has attracted extensive attention of the society， which can be found in TV programs， newspapers， university classes and many aspects of our everyday life。 （现象 / 问题描述功能段）
Also a lot of scholars have studied how to improve the English learners` listening ability. In the early of the 1970s, many applied linguists proposed listening strategy theories, the famous ones are O’Malley’s and Chaumont’s. They classified the learning strategies used by the learners in the listening process into: metacognitive strategy, cognitive strategy, social and emotional strategies (cited from宝建东， 2007). Vandergrift believes that metacognitive strategy is effective to improve the English beginners` listening ability (Vandergrift L, 1993). Professor Mendelsohn thinks teachers should help learners use other means to obtain information(cited from张艳丰，2008). In addition to the use of video, the multi-media teaching also can be put into use (cited from张艳丰, 2008). In the English teaching of China, people do not pay much attention to the listening ability improvement. Currently, the research of it is just on the stage of description. The intervention stage is still being explored. As a result, no systematic or sophisticated teaching can be put into practice. In the 1990s, some scholars, such as Jiang Zukang did some research on the relationship between listening strategies and listening ability, and his result confirmed the validity of listening strategies (蒋祖康, 1994). But just a few of them studied how to improve the English beginners` listening ability. In the area of listening teaching of primary school , Xu Xiuzhen made a research on teaching procedures, technical processing , how to interest students, how to deal with the relation between listening teaching and text teaching ,and the relation between listening training and thinking(徐袖珍，2002). She believes that teaching should follow four steps: 1, pre-listening; 2, listening; 3Upon listening screening; 4, repeated listening. At the same time, she raised the methods against the above specific issues, such as diversifying of teaching methods, enhancing the interest of students, etc. (徐袖珍,2002). Meng Hongtao analyzed the five factors which influenced the listening ability: 1. vocabulary, 2. grammar, 3. voice, 4. Speed, 5.cultural background, and then raised some corresponding methods according to the factors. (孟红桃，2004). Xiang Yi believes that English beginners, especially those in primary school children, should focus on listening and speaking ability very much (项奕，2010). Although many scholars have done a lot of research on English beginners and how to improve their listening ability, they mostly just give suggestions in theory and most of the suggestions are very abstract.
Overall， my advice is， when one intend to improve one‘s reading ability， pick up any reading materials at once。
Some students are casual when they learn something. They do not know what knowledge they should get and what knowledge does not suit them. They always learn something without choosing because they are lack of initiative and do not know what they should need. They always follow others` view and do not have very clear goals.
It is obvious that listening to English songs can improve English listening ability. English songs, especially for children, are rich in content, simple language and fast-paced rhyme which can satisfy the children’s interest and decrease their tension, but also resolve their loneliness. More importantly, they will acquire the pronunciation of the lyrics (宋芳、桑元微、孙力华.幼儿2007). For example, during listening to the song "Days of week", the English beginners will be able to recognize the seven words: "Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday". Later, when they hear these words, they can tell which word it is. In this paper, the author gives several songs for reference.1. This is the Way 2.Five Little Ducks 3.Are You Sleeping; 4. Rain Rain, Go Away and so on.
Directions： For this part， you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of reading ability and how to develop it。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。
A number of factors are accountable for this situation。 One of the most common factors is that reading enables readers to get more problem-solving and stress-dealing tips which are indispensable both to their career and family。 Another contributing cause is that the government encourages the activity of reading， like holding some reading forums or reading festivals。 The reading activities tell people that reading is not that far from us， not that boring for us， it is more accessible and lovely。 （分析原因功能段）
At this time, the students can use some abbreviations or symbols to replace the complex or long words or phrases. For example, "education" can be abbreviated to "edu"; "equal" can be abbreviated to "=";" market "can be abbreviated into the "mkt" and so on, By the way, students should try to use abbreviations in their dairy listening training, or they will not get a habit of using abbreviation in their real listening examination.
To learn English from comics is a good learning method. In comics short sentences and vivid pictures are often used, which make children feel easy. Even if it is slightly difficult, the use of picture makes English more understandable. At the same time, the pictures and the dialogues have carried on the language scene and the cultural habits, which strengthened the memory of what you have got from the cartoon. In addition, the long time comics reading are not only good for language learners to learn English, but also benefits the cultivation of optimistic humor study of character. For English beginners, how to learn English by watching cartoons? Generally speaking, there are 4 steps: 1.Select the cartoons: select those which you are interested in to cultivate your learning enthusiasm and continuity. 2. Learn language points. From the humorous dialogues in the comics, you can cull important words and sentences to do extensive practice. For instance, you may try to find out synonyms or antonyms of a word, or you can undertake English-Chinese and Chinese-English translation practice and see their difference. 3. Induct similar scenes and understand the cultural background. You can make summary and think about the culture hidden behind the comics on the basis of the first two steps to deepen the English study.4. Reproduce and inspect: Tell the very interesting or very meaningful cartoons - which you have watched, to others in English. If you can do this very well, it will prove that you have truly mastered the language knowledge, and also English in your eyes will naturally become vivid and lovely.
The teachers in many schools over emphasize on text teaching, writing exercise, but put the training of students` listening ability at a subordinate status .So the time of listening training is not sufficient.
"Interest is the best teacher". In practical teaching, in some regions, especially in the poor regions, the English beginners are lack of interests due to being lack of the modern teaching equipments in schools, such as multi-media room, DVD, MP3, etc. Even in some schools, the modern equipments are placed just for decoration，not for practical use. Other reasons resulting in low learning interest of the beginners are the teachers` boring teaching methods, the vapidity of the teaching materials and so on.
1.5 The SingleTeaching Strategy.
Prior to each examination, there is a record on the exam requirements. For the candidates who are very clear of the requirements, they can use this time to read the questions, and spend a few seconds in getting a general view of the questions .Its purpose is to see how many questions there are in each part and what kind of question they are. Then the students can use the left time to read the issues carefully.