构成介词短语,以下为部分英语四级阅读真题

来源:http://www.i-pob.net 作者:巴黎人-在线教育 人气:88 发布时间:2019-11-10
摘要:分析:空前全数格,空格填名词,结合语义,I选项inhabitants市民为不易选项。 F) detail N) restricted 55。 D) She was retired after her naval service。 C) consequence K) intended E) creating M) pollu

  分析:空前全数格,空格填名词,结合语义,I选项inhabitants市民为不易选项。

  F) detail N) restricted

  55。 D) She was retired after her naval service。

  C) consequence K) intended

  E) creating M) pollutants

  Section A

  27 restricted

  词汇:

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  31。 K)intended

  解析:结应时态和永久搭配collaborate with,表示“同盟”。

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  33。 B collaborating

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  G) domestic O) sum

  33。 B collaborating

  35 creating

  Q22:年轻人road death 的首要性缘由

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  35。 E)creating

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  鉴于翻译满分为15分(试卷依据满分100分计算卡塔尔,战绩分为多个水平:13-15分、10-12分、7-9分、4-6分、1-3分和0分。各档期的顺序的评分规范具体如下:

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  [语法剖析]依靠空格前的in可以知道,介词后应加名词。

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  深入解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填动词ing,结合语义,E选项科学。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  [语义解析]基于开篇句中的“smog”阴霾能够,本文与碰着有关。“pollutants”污染物,符合题意,“the level of pollutants”污染物等第,故选M。

  31。 答案K

  二零一八年上四个月全国大学立陶宛(Lithuania卡塔尔语四六级考试于2月30日拓宽,今日头条教育24小时全程关心,为您带给第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)语四级选词填空解析:

  由于该篇翻译难度中等偏低,

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  [语法深入分析]Nor放在句首倒装,日常语序应该为The state’s bad air is not to its south。 由此需盘算存在be to 结构的单词。切合的有intended和restricted。

  深入剖判:空前不定冠词,空格填名词,固定搭配as a consequence,表示“由此”。

  C) consequence K) intended

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  [语义分析]detail细节,in detail固定搭配,详细地。本句译为:使得那么些地点特别适用于研究开发及检查测量检验污染周全监测系统,故选F

  剖析:固定搭配be restricted to,表示“只限于…,约束在…”。

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Q4:关于弗Raul Town Bee Farm说了什么?被毁,损失宏大(2.5M bees卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  [语义深入分析]inhabitants市民,consumers花费者。城里人只可以利用小车,inhabitants相符语境,故选I。

  Section B

  34 inhabitants

  Q13:鼓舞女子做哪些

  二零一八年上七个月全国民代表大会学斯拉维尼亚语四六级考试于一月十30日张开,天涯论坛教育24钟头全程关切,为您带给第一手四六级考试资源消息。以下为局地瑞典语四级阅读真题:

  C) consequence K) intended

  [答案]

  28 consequence

  54。 A) Their unscientific designs。

  Section C(第二套)

  [语法解析]凭借空前的technological “科学和技术的”可见,形容词后应加名词。

  34。 答案I

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  剖判: 依据主要词“Dr。 White”和“happier”定位第风华正茂段,以至代词“he”代指Dr。 White,“There could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married。” 选项“earn money”是对原来的书文“pay rises”是平等转变。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  [语义分析]be intended to计划、意在,be restricted to局限于。依据语义可以知道,该州的空气污染实际不是局限于其西部地点,故选N。

  剖判:空前介词,空格填名词,固定搭配in detail,表示“详细地”。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  Passage3:

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  [语义剖析]creating pollution lows 裁减污染

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it。 Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs。 Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived。 You may choose a paragraph more than once。 Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the question by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。

  Section A

  Long Conversation2:

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  29。 J innovation

  32 outdoor

  深入剖判:固定搭配be intended to,表示“准备,意图”。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  29。 J)innovation

  27。 答案N

  H) frequently

  32。 答案L

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  选词填空的解题技能第一步将精选依据词性分类,那道题初级中学结业生升学考试试名词7个,动词5个,形容词2个,副词1个。由此将单词分类之后,大家连忙把15选1裁减到了最多是7选1,起码的景况是1选1。其余,名词通过简单判定单复数情势,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还足以越发裁减范围。相似,细心阅读解题的首要依旧与我们强调的黄金时代致,找准定位,选项与最早的作品内容逐一比对,消释各样苦恼选项后,做对难点并非很难。

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  The service of airlines has been constantly improved, and air tickets are often available at a discount。

  Passage One

  二〇一八年上五个月全国大学意大利语四六级考试于七月二三日拓宽,天涯论坛引导24钟头全程关心,为你带给第一手四六级考试资源音信。以下为乌克兰语四级选词填空详细深入分析:

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  31 intended

  “随着…”可用伴随状语“with…”管理;

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  [语法深入分析]依靠空格前的the level of可以知道,of为介词,前边应该加名词,构成介词短语,相同的时间与for构成原因状语。

  拆解剖析:介词of后填名词,依据上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。

  33 collaborating

  分析:根据主要词“Dr。 White”和“find out”定位第二段 “Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 ” 选项“positive effect lasts。” 是对初藳中的lasting positive effect的相仿转变。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  [语义剖析]此间唯有intended相符,be intended to,筹划、目的在于。目的在于生成实时地图……,故选K。

  [解析]

  来源:新东方

  0分 未答复,或独有多少个孤立的词,或译文与原著无关。

  E) creating M) pollutants

  [语法解析]基于空前的a 可以预知,冠词后应加单数可数名词,相同的时间又能与as a构成搭配。相符的有consequence。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  答案:

  47。 A) Earn more money。

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  30。 F detail

  30 detail

  46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  今年四级考试在阅读那么些板块里,总体难度依然呈较为安静的上进势态。首先第一步解析选项词性。今年名词考7个,动词考5个,形容词考2个,副词1个。如此一来,大家快捷把15选1紧缩到了最多是7选1,起码的图景是1选1。别的,请留意,名词通过单复数,动词通过时态和非谓语动词仍可以够更进一层压缩范围。

  29。 答案J

  29 innovation

  53。 A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  G) domestic O) sum

  全句翻译:Many cities have been making efforts to improve the service of public transport so as to encourage more people to travel by bus。

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  [语法剖析]由空前的city’s 可以预知,此处应填名词。相符的有consumers和inhabitants。

  30。 答案F

  我:张掖高校新东方李逸飞先生

  第二套

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  28。 C)consequence

  26。 答案M

  E) creating M) pollutants

  “会有特价机票”也可管理为被动句:air tickets at a discount are offered。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  [语法解析]据书上说空前的by可以预知,介词后应加名词或动名词。切合的唯有creating。

  31。 K intended

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  Why, you may wonder, should we attach great importance to reading ability? For one thing, in order to make outstanding achievements in the field of our study, students have to read hosts of books, papers and documents related to professional knowledge。 For this reason, extensive and efficient reading becomes particularly important。 For another, reading broadens our horizon and enriches our campus life, which will exert profound influence on our future。 Therefore, we, especially youngsters, cannot emphasize reading ability too much。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  27.N)restricted

  27。 N restricted

  26 pollutants

  (1)The number of tourists who travel by plane during the holidays has been constantly rising in recent years。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  [语义分析]文中提到罗德岛有才能之乡的威望,相符语义的唯有innovation创新,科技(science and technology)术改良进,故选J。

  34。 I inhabitants

  深入分析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义接收outdoor,表示户外的。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  [语法深入分析]be to,与前文相通,此处要求填写能与之搭配的单词。

  [评述]

  若不会词汇“外出务工职员”,可灵活管理为前置定语,”外出务工的”解释为“在外场职业的”,处理成定语从句,该短语译成“people who work outside/ in other cities”

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  32。 L)outdoor

  拆解深入分析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义选取outdoor,表示室外的。

  Taking bus used to be the primary choice to travel for most Chinese people。 In recent years, the problem of traffic in cities is getting serious with the constantly-increasing number of private vehicles。 In many cities, services on buses have been improved with effort to get more people encouraged to take buses。 The facilities are continuously updated and the speed of buses has also been increased greatly。 However, by contrast, the ticket price is quite low。 Now, in most big cities, most of local senior citizens are allowed to take buses for free。

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  H) frequently

  28。 答案C

  Since reading ability plays a pivotal role in our daily life, it is high time that colleges should provide students with relative courses to enhance their reading skills。 Meanwhile, it is imperative that we actively pay frequent visit to the libraries or bookstores to cultivate our reading competence。 As Francis Bacon once said, reading makes a full man。 Only through reading can we acquire more knowledge and live up to the precious time of youth。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  [语法分析]轶闻空前的have been可见,此空应填入分词。Aclima前文提到是一家厂家,应代表积极,所以这里应填现在分词。切合的有collaborating和creating。

  35。 答案E

  词汇:更新:update

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  [语义分析]collaborate with与……合作,creat创造,故选B。

  33。 答案B

  For Chinese people, the bus used to be the major means of transport。 Owing to the constant rise in the number of private cars in recent years, traffic problems in cities have accordingly become more and more severe。 Many cities have been making efforts to improve the service of public transport so as to encourage more people to travel by bus。 Thanks to the updating of facilities in the vehicle, its speed has been obviously increased。 However, the fare of the public transport is relatively low。 At present, in most cities, many senior citizens in local areas can take the bus for free。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  [语义分析]as a consequence“结果”,也正是as a result,固定搭配。诱致市民的中枢和肺部受到感染,语义通顺,故选C。

  拆解解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填动词ing,结合语义,E选项科学。

  第五句:

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  D) consumers L) outdoor

上一页 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 下一页

  Q24:假使司机只用一头手握方向盘会怎样

  F) detail N) restricted

  (来源:新东方在线卡塔尔国

  35。 E creating

  拆解深入分析:介词of后填名词,依照上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  [语法剖判]听别人说空格前的of 可见,其后应加名词。air pollution名词词组,由此这里应为形容词,起修饰成效。相符的有domestic、outdoor。

  剖判:固定搭配be intended to,表示“筹算,意图”。

  可是,公共交通车的票价却长久以来杰出低价。

  H) frequently

  34。 I)inhabitants

  32。 答案L

  鉴于方式主语It is adj。 for sb to do的句型越来越尖端,所以推举译文(2卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎。

  Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  26。 M)pollutants

  28。 C consequence

  1-3分 译文支离破碎。除个别词语或句子,绝超越61%文字未有表达原版的书文意思。

  B) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  32。 L outdoor

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of reading ability and how to develop it。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  30。 F)detail

  深入分析:空前形容词,空格填名词,结合语义,为innovation,校勘。

  首先,注意时态。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  [语义剖析]下文讲到,这种监察和控制站也会关怀着建筑里面包车型客车污染情况, 所以依照inside “在……里面”可以看到,此空应填outdoor,“户外的、室外的”,户外层空间气污染,故选L。

  26。 M pollutants

  拆解深入分析:依据重点词“Dr。 White”和“reveal about ”定位第三段,“Explaining what the data revealed, ……He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated better。”选项D即对终极communicated better的均等转变。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic。 There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of

  33。 B)collaborating

  “乘飞机达到”可译为take the plane to reach… 也许 reach… by plane

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  F) detail N) restricted

  词汇:私家车:private cars

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  30。 F detail

  G) domestic O) sum

  “乘飞机骑行”可好好地译为travel by aeroplane, 当然,by plane也是没难题的。

  Section A

  31。 答案K

1 2 下一页

  第二句:

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  31。 K intended

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  解析:难题奥林匹克船最终发生了哪些。定位句“伊芙ntually, she was taken out of service in 1931。”taken out of service和retired 同义词调换,故此选用D。

  Section C(第一套)

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