以下为英语六级阅读真题,以下为部分英语四级

来源:http://www.i-pob.net 作者:巴黎人-在线教育 人气:143 发布时间:2019-11-04
摘要:2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为部分英语四级阅读真题: Section C 2018年上半年全国大学英语四六

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为部分英语四级阅读真题:

  Section C

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级阅读真题:

  Section A

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Passage One

  Section A

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  Did Sarah Josepha Hale write “Mary’s Little Lamb,” the eternal nursery rhyme (儿歌) about girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb? This is still disputed, but it’s clear that the woman 26 for writing it was one of America’s most fascinating 27 。 In honor of the poem publication on May 24,1830, here’s more about the 28 author’s life。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  Hale wasn’t just a writer, she was also a 29 social advocate, and she was particularly 30 with an ideal New England, which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had “a deep moral influence,” she began a nationwide 31 to have a national holiday declared that would bring families together while celebrating the 32 festivals。 In 1863, after 17 years of advocacy including letters to five presidents, Hale got it。 President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, issued a __33__ setting aside the last Thursday in November for the holiday。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  The true authorship of “Mary’s Little Lamb” is disputed。 According to New England Historical Society, Hale wrote only one part of the poem, but claimed authorship。 Regardless of the author, it seems that the poem was __34__by a real event。 When young Mary Sawyer was followed to school by a lamb in 1816, it caused some problems。 A bystander named John Roulstone wrote a poem about the event, then, at some point, Hale herself seems to have helped write it。 However, if a 1916 piece by her great-niece is to be trusted, Hale claimed for the __35__of her life that “Some other people pretended that someone else wrote the poem”。

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  A) campaign I) proclamation

  C) consequence K) intended

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  B) career J) rectified

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  C) characters K) reputed

  E) creating M) pollutants

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  D) features L) rest

  F) detail N) restricted

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  E) fierce M) supposed

  G) domestic O) sum

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  F) inspired N) traditional

  H) frequently

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  G) latter O) versatile

  Section C(第一套)

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  H) obsessed

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  Section B

  Passage One

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it。 Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs。 Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived。 You may choose a paragraph more than once。 Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the question by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  Peer Pressure Has a Positive Side

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  A。 Parents of teenagers often view their children‘s friends with something like suspicion。 They worry that the adolescent peer group has the power to push its members into behavior that is foolish and even dangerous。 Such wariness is well founded: statistics show, for example, that a teenage driver with a same-age passenger in the car is at higher risk of a fatal crash than an adolescent driving alone or with an adult。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  B。 In a 2005 study, psychologist Laurence Steinberg of Temple University and his co-author, psychologist Margo Gardner, then at Temple, divided 306 people into three age groups: young adolescents, with a mean age of 14; older adolescents, with a mean age of 19; and adults, aged 24 and older。 Subjects played a computerized driving game in which the player must avoid crashing into a wall that materializes, without warning, on the roadway。 Steinberg and Gardner randomly assigned some participants to play alone or with two same-age peers looking on。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  C。 Older adolescents scored about 50 percent higher on an index of risky driving when their peers were in the room—and the driving of early adolescents was fully twice as reckless when other young teens were around。 In contrast, adults behaved in similar ways regardless of whether they were on their own or observed by others。 “The presence of peers makes adolescents and youth, but not adults, more likely to take risks,” Steinberg and Gardner concluded。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  D。 Yet in the years following the publication of this study, Steinberg began to believe that this interpretation did not capture the whole picture。 As he and other researchers examined the question of why teens were more apt to take risks in the company of other teenagers, they came to suspect that a crowd‘s influence need not always be negative。 Now some experts are proposing that we should take advantage of the teen brain’s keen sensitivity to the presence of friends and leverage it to improve education。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  E。 In a 2011 study, Steinberg and his colleagues turned to functional MRI (磁共振) to investigate how the presence of peers affects the activity in the adolescent brain。 They scanned the brains of 40 teens and adults who were playing a virtual driving game designed to test whether players would brake at a yellow light or speed on through the crossroad。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic。 There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  F。 The brains of teenagers, but not adults, showed greater activity in two regions associated with rewards when they were being observed by same-age peers than when alone。 In other words, rewards are more intense for teens when they are with peers, which motivates them to pursue higher-risk experiences that might bring a big payoff (such as the thrill of just making the light before it turns red)。 But Steinberg suspected this tendency could also have its advantages。 In his latest experiment, published online in August, Steinberg and his colleagues used a computerized version of a card game called the Iowa Gambling Task to investigate how the presence of peers affects the way young people gather and apply information。

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